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CMST 101   Tags: cmst, communication studies  

Introduction to Oral Communication
Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts
Research Guide Print Page

at the Library

Suggested databases to search for scholarly sources.

Statistical Resources

Written Citation


Oral Citation

Oral citation rule of thumb: author, title, date + further information to add credibility

1st time cited: Use Author, Title, Date

Subsequent citations: Author/Date, Author/Title only is OK

Author, title, date if important for credibility

“Evidence of natural disasters and climate change are illustrated in Walter Leal Filho's 2013 book Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management, where he asserts…”

Author, article title, date, credentials if available 
“In his 2013 article "Is Inclusive Education a Human Right?", political philosopher John-Stewart Gordon argues…”

Web site
Web site title, credentials, date last updated (sometimes unavailable)
“One of the most prevalent developers of neurotechnology, SentiBotics, claims on their website on March 24, 2014 that…”

Name, date, credentials, interview source 
“In a personal interview conducted on September 12, 2014 with Randy Dunn, President of Southern Illinois University, he spoke of…”

Online Magazine:
Publication title, name of reporter, date 
“In her September 16, 2014 articlein Slate, an online magazine of culture and politics, Brittney Cooper claims…”

Print Magazine
Publication title, name of reporter, date
“According to a feature article written by Christina Larson about controversial Chinese artist Ai Weiwei in the October 2014 issue of Smithsonian Magazine …”

Name of reporter, name of publication, date, version (i.e. print or electronic version) 
"In an article published in the September 23, 2014 web edition of the New York Times, Gregor Aisch reported on…’”

Title, name of blogger, website, and date posted
“Media scholar Henry Jenkins, in his September 22, 2014 blog entry titled, ‘The Value of Media Literacy Education in the 21st Century,’ claimed…”


Practice Citing Your Sources

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