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U.S. Presidential Election and Constitution - Celebrate U.S. Constitution Day 2012   Tags: constitution, elections, government, government documents, history, politics  

Last Updated: Aug 26, 2013 URL: http://libguides.lib.siu.edu/electoralcollege Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

2012 Presidential Election Print Page

2012 U.S. Presidential Election

2012 Election Day is Tuesday November 6th.

2012 Election Candidates


Resources for 2012 Voters

Register to Vote

   Online Form (available in multiple languages)

   Can I Vote?—find out if you’re registered to vote and more

Overseas and Millitary Voter

Voting Accessibility

Contact Your State


Election Official Directory

EAC Voters' Guide (PDF)(Issued by September 2011)

The Voter’s Guide is also available in other 10 languages: Cherokee, Chinese, Dakota, Japanese, Korean, Navajo, Spanish, Tagalog, Vietnamese, and Yupik.

Campaign Finance

Caucuses and Primaries

Voting System Testing and Certification

EAC Election Management Resources

"One of EAC’s top priorities is providing assistance to election officials. EAC has issued guidance, advisories, and best practices to help officials comply with HAVA and make other election administration improvements and enhancements.

You'll find some of our most popular resources in this section, including the Election Management Guidelines chapters, the Quick Start Guide brochures, and information on how to design ballots and other voting materials. We also provide many voting materials, such as voter guides and election terminology glossaries, in up to 11 languages. EAC provides all of these resources to states free of charge."


Research and Data

EAC Research and Data

"Under the Help America Vote Act, the EAC is responsible for collecting information about election administration issues and sharing that information with Congress, election officials and the public. 

Research contains completed research and reports commissioned by the EAC, information about EAC research in progress, and additional elections research issued by other organizations. Datasets for selected reports are also available to download."

Electoral College Calculator

Historical Election Results


Books on U.S. Elections

Subject headings for searching: Election forecasting - United States. | Public opinion polls - United States. | Elections - United States - Public opinion. | Public opinion - United States.

Cover Art
Improving Public Opinion Surveys - John H. Aldrich (Editor); Kathleen M. McGraw (Revised by)
Call Number: Books, 5th Floor, JK2007 .I57 2012
ISBN: 9780691151458
Publication Date: 2011-12-05

Cover Art
Helping America Vote - Martha E. Kropf; David C. Kimball
Call Number: Books, 5th Floor, JK1976 .K76 2012
ISBN: 9780415804073
Publication Date: 2011-12-20

Cover Art
The Voter's Guide to Election Polls - Michael W. Traugott; Paul J. Lavrakas
Call Number: eBook
ISBN: 0585266093
Publication Date: 2000-01-01


Databases and Websites

Government Information Librarian

Profile Image
Jian Anna Xiong
Contact Info
Morris Library (Mail Code 6632)
Carbondale, IL 62901

(618) 453-7108
axiong at lib.siu.edu

Frequently Asked Questions

(Source for the section below: NARA)

What are the qualifications to be an Elector?

"The U.S. Constitution contains very few provisions relating to the qualifications of Electors. Article II, section 1, clause 2 provides that no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. As a historical matter, the 14th Amendment provides that State officials who have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States or given aid and comfort to its enemies are disqualified from serving as Electors. This prohibition relates to the post-Civil War era.

Each state’s Certificates of Ascertainment confirms the names of its appointed electors. A state’s certification of its electors is generally sufficient to establish the qualifications of electors."

Are there restrictions on who the Electors can vote for?

There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires Electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their States. Some States, however, require Electors to cast their votes according to the popular vote. These pledges fall into two categories—Electors bound by State law and those bound by pledges to political parties.

The U.S. Supreme Court has held that the Constitution does not require that Electors be completely free to act as they choose and therefore, political parties may extract pledges from electors to vote for the parties’ nominees. Some State laws provide that so-called "faithless Electors"; may be subject to fines or may be disqualified for casting an invalid vote and be replaced by a substitute elector. The Supreme Court has not specifically ruled on the question of whether pledges and penalties for failure to vote as pledged may be enforced under the Constitution. No Elector has ever been prosecuted for failing to vote as pledged.

Today, it is rare for Electors to disregard the popular vote by casting their electoral vote for someone other than their party’s candidate. Electors generally hold a leadership position in their party or were chosen to recognize years of loyal service to the party. Throughout our history as a nation, more than 99 percent of Electors have voted as pledged.

No Legal Requirement
Electors in Illinois State are not bound by State Law to cast their vote for a specific candidate.

Contact Morris

Morris Library
Southern Illinois University
Carbondale, IL 62901
Information Desk: (618) 453-2818
Administrative Office: (618) 453-2522
Circulation Desk: (618) 453-1455

Web Administrator


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